Significance of indigenous traditional knowledge in the process of ecological restoration
|Theme||1. Environmental protection|
|Session Name||1.2 International conservation law and local communities. Can local interests be adequately integrated?|
|Author(s)||Noor Jahan Punam (University of Lapland, Finland)|
Indigenous traditional knowledge (ITK) has been increasingly respected as a significant source which can be utilised in favour of the growing interest in ecological restoration. It has been recognised that ecological restoration should consider cultural practices beside ecological processes. Ecological restoration has been defined by the SER Primer as the ‘process of assisting the recovery of an ecosystem that has been degraded, damaged, or destroyed’. Recently the use of ITK along with science in adaptation plan has been emphasised by the Paris Agreement and importance of ecological restoration has been brought to the forefront by the Aichi Targets under the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). A recent international study conducted by Britta L. and her team has given recognition to the crucial role of Arctic indigenous peoples in the efforts made to ecological restoration which assists in building resilience to major climate change driven changes. This study aims to consider whether ITK has a role to play in ecological restoration of the Arctic as understood in the literature of international biodiversity law or the emerging literature on ecological restoration law. In this study, a case where ITK have been used in the ecological restoration in the Arctic will be considered and consideration will be given to how accommodating ITK within ecological restoration plans can assist in upholding obligations under the CBD and Paris Agreement.
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