The effect of the projection of EU’s norms regarding whaling on the interests of local actors and the future prospects
|Theme||1. Environmental protection|
|Session Name||1.2 International conservation law and local communities. Can local interests be adequately integrated?|
|Author(s)||Minori Takahashi (Hokkaido University, Japan)|
In this presentation I will take up whaling as an example that vividly illustrates two inclinations characteristic of the EU: the projection of its norms and values outside of the union, and the creation of strategies for the global arena using the appeal of its immense single market as a weapon. Whaling in what is today the European Union was for a long time subjected to the prohibition of deliberate disturbance, capture or killing of whales, valid for the EC waters. However, when in 2008 whale protection became the “common norm” of the EU, a change ensued in which that norm was extended to the global arena.First, while reviewing that process, I will examine the EU’s stance towards whaling. Second, I shall shed light on how the projection of EU norms into areas outside of it affects the interests of local actors, by juxtaposing those norms against the aboriginal subsistence whaling in Greenland. Third, I shall explore the character of the possible future joint management of whaling by the EU and Greenland, using the insights I gained during my field work, while also considering the (constructed) contrast between the monistic and dualistic understanding of man and the environment that is often cited when discussing the gap between the two sides.
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