Consumption of traditional food products by indigenous peoples in the conditions of industrial exploration of the Arctic zone, Western Siberia
|Theme||1. Environmental protection|
|Session Name||1.3 Food security and One Health perspectives|
|Author(s)||Sergei Andronov (Arctic Research Center of the Yamal-Nenets autonomous district, Russian Federation), Andrei Lobanov (Arctic Research Center of the Yamal-Nenets autonomous district, Russian Federation), Elena Bogdanova (Northern Arctic Federal University, Russian Federation), Andrei Popov (Arctic Research Center of the Yamal-Nenets autonomous district, Russian Federation), Ruslan Kochkin (Arctic Research Center of the Yamal-Nenets autonomous district, Russian Federation)|
Introduction: Respiratory diseases are the most typical in adult indigenous population of the Arctic zone, Western Siberia. Consumption of vitamins with traditional food (venison and local fish), ω-3 fatty acids prevents their development. Our study was aimed to analyze the effect of traditional nutrition on the most important mechanisms for preventing respiratory and circulatory diseases in reindeer herders of the Yamal Peninsula.
Methods: 1015 indigenous peoples were examined (796 indigenous settlement residents and 219 indigenous tundra inhabitants). The analysis of their diet was conducted using questionnaires developed by FRC Nutrition and Biotechnology. All patients were examined by a therapist and a pulmonologist. Their anamnesis, dynamics and monitoring of venison and local fish consumption in 2013-18 were analyzed.
Results: Our study proved decrease in consumption of local fish by 50.0%, venison by 40.0% in indigenous tundra inhabitants and settlement residents for 5 years.
The highest incidence of hypertension is observed in the Tazovsky district, chronic non-obstructive bronchitis and overweight in the Nadymsky district. There is a tendency of decrease in prevalence of chronic non-obstructive bronchitis and increase of hypertension and overweight. Depending on the routes of herder’s movement in tundra, increase in prevalence of chronic non-obstructive bronchitis caused by severe climate (increase in the northeastern direction), overweight, depending on access to import products (increase near settlements) was revealed.
Conclusions: Use of animal and plant raw materials of the Arctic zone is an important social project for maintaining of indigenous population’s traditional lifestyle.
Support from the RFBR (grant № 18-010-00875\18).