Mutually attended fortunes of a man and a cow in the Arctic
|Theme||1. Environmental protection|
|Session Name||1.3 Food security and One Health perspectives|
|Author(s)||Elvira Mikhailova (North-Eastern Federal University named after M.K., Russian Federation)|
The Yakut people made their contribution to the civilization of mankind by breeding unique breeds of horses and cows outside the Arctic Circle, on permafrost in the conditions of the Pole of Cold in the northern hemisphere.
In the Soviet times, native cattle was found as to be unproductive and replaced by imported breeds. At the beginning of 2018, the number of Yakut cattle is 1,681 heads, including 666 cows.
Currently, it is under threat of extinction, because according to the existing international classification, a breed with a uterine stock of less than 1000 breeds has a threatening status, its size is insufficient to compensate for genetic losses.
However, the preservation of the Yakut cow is of universal importance, because it is the only aboriginal breed of livestock that can survive in extreme climatic conditions, which means that it has incredibly strong immunity that does not suffer from such popular diseases as tuberculosis and leukemia.
The reason for this is long-term adaptation and natural selection. Its unique genes can allow humanity to survive in the event of a global pandemic of livestock, when most breeds can not fight the epidemic of a deadly disease due to the weakness of their immunity.
According to opinions of scientists, just what the crossbreeds arose various diseases, such as mad cow disease, avian and swine flu, blood cancer (leukemia), etc.