Medico-ecological monitoring at the Tomtor deposit of rare-earth metals
|Theme||1. Environmental protection|
|Session Name||1.3 Food security and One Health perspectives|
|Author(s)||Davydova Tatiana (North-Eastern Federal University, Russian Federation), Sivtseva Anna (North-Eastern Federal University, Russian Federation), Shadrina Svetlana (North-Eastern Federal University, Russian Federation), Sivtseva Elena (North-Eastern Federal University, Russian Federation), Borisova Izabella (North-Eastern Federal University, Russian Federation)|
The purpose of the study was to study the baseline health and quality of life of residents of the Yuryung-Khaya settlement in the Anabar region (prospective study) prior to the development of rare-earth metals (REM) of the Tomtor deposit, which will form the basis for monitoring the health status and quality of life of the population during these developments.The structure of the main chronic non-infectious diseases of the population is revealed. In the general structure, the first place is occupied by diseases of the circulatory system - 691.3 per 1000 population. The risk of factors for chronic non-infectious diseases have been determined. Population parameters of quality of life are established, the background level of microelements in the human blood is determined, the immunological status is studied. The adaptive potential of the cardiovascular system of Evenks and Dolgan living in conditions of industrial development of the Arctic is reduced and closely depends on gender, age and some anthropometric indicators. An in-depth study is needed to identify factors that reduce the human adaptation potential in the extreme conditions of the North. The lipid spectrum is characterized by a high coefficient of atherogenicity, a degree of expressiveness of re-activation leading to disadaptation was revealed in the majority of the investigated.An in-depth study of the health of the population is needed to identify the problem and the factors that reduce the adaptive potential of the cardiovascular system living in the Anabar region (area) in conditions of industrial development of the Arctic.