Introduction to “Three Poles Environment and Climate changes (TPEC)”
|Theme||1. Environmental protection|
|Session Name||1.4 Sustainable development of the Arctic - boreal regions|
|Author(s)||Xiao Cheng (Beijing Normal University, China), Zhuoqi Chen (Beijing Normal University, China), Ying Zhang (Beijing Normal University, China), Yujiao Liu (Beijing Normal University, China)|
The Arctic, Antarctic and the Third Pole are the three coldest regions on the earth. These three regions can be called the Three Poles. All the Three Poles are widely covered by snow and ice, such as ice sheet, sea ice and snow cover etc. On one hand, the environment and climate of the Three Poles are undergoing dramatic changes due to continuous global climate changes. For example, temperature in the Three Poles rose by 0.3-0.4℃/decade during 1960-2012, twice the rate of global average in the same period. The increasing temperature triggers glacier and ice sheet melting in Three Poles. On the other hand, the environment and climate changes of the Three Poles not only are impacted by global climate changes, but also deeply impact the global climate system through atmospheric and ocean circulations. There are so many studies about the Arctic, Antarctic and the Third Pole in the past two decades, Most of which has not focused on links among the three poles. In fact, the links may have important implications for global climate change studies. Base on above, the scientific programme, “Three Poles Environment and Climate changes (TPEC)”, intends to study the Arctic, Antarctic and the Third Pole as a whole for research breakthroughs in global environment and climate change. There are three science foci in the programme: (1) establishing air-land-sea coordinated observation systems; (2) multi-spheres climate simulations and projections; (3) strategies for eco-environment protection and technologies for climate change adaptation.
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