Challenges associated with mechanical wastewater facilities in the Canadian Arctic

Theme 1. Environmental protection
Session Name 1.5 Sanitation in small Arctic communities
Datetime Sep 05, 2018 02:35 PM - 02:45 PM (UTC +3)
Presentation Type Oral
Author(s) Kenneth Johnson (National Research Council, Canada)
Abstract text

The consistent performance of wastewater treatment in Arctic Canada, in general, remains an elusive objective, and a frustration for engineers, communities, senior governments, and regulators. Lagoon systems suffer from performance inconsistencies, and a significant scientific effort has been underway by the Government of Nunavut to study and predict the performance of lagoon systems. It has been pointed out that those systems which are technologically simple, and engineered for sufficient capacity tend to perform well, however lagoon systems are ultimately at the mercy of the natural environment, which is extreme in the Arctic. Mechanical systems do offer the opportunity to reduce the influence of the natural environment, however a multitude of other factors affect the design, construction, operation and maintenance of mechanical systems in the Arctic. As an opportunity to mitigate the challenges associated with mechanical wastewater systems, a synopsis of the community mechanical treatment facilities in the Canadian Arctic has been compiled. Lessons learned from the challenges with mechanical wastewater systems in the far north have been catalogued as a legacy document to future project stakeholders. This compilation is a first attempt to provide documentation to serve as a reference for improving the development, execution, and operation of future mechanical wastewater treatment projects, where this technical option is deemed appropriate.

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