The concept of cybersecurity has become widely discussed in literature, incorporated into national and international agendas for digital development, and introduced to organizations and corporations. However, the current approaches to cybersecurity often focus on the macro-level (national, supra- and/or international) and on the information infrastructure mainly addressing negative security. The aim of the proposed session is to discuss cybersecurity in the Arctic from a human security perspective. It facilitates a forum to address both the opportunities and challenges of digitization to individuals and communities also on the sub-national level. A human security approach enables the inclusion of positive security aspects to cybersecurity and the addressing of non-state actors and individuals as securitizing actors in the region. Beside the challenges that digitization pose to individuals and communities, the session contributes to a wider discussion on how the Arctic inhabitants may benefit from advanced digitization. The proposed session thus addresses cybersecurity as embedded in a multidisciplinary framework to widen the discussion beyond prevailing state-centricity. Questions addressed include, for instance: Can digitization in the Arctic raise participation levels in the civil society, freedom of choice, local and global awareness, or improve access to services? How is digitization in the Arctic related to environmental, social, health, civic, and security matters in the region? How does digitization in the Arctic affect sustainable regional development? The session will be designed so that the speaker presentations will remain short, whereas a fair amount of time will be allocated to questions and discussion.
2.1 Enablement besides constraints: A multidisciplinary approach to cybersecurity and its connections to human security in the Arctic
Convenor: Kamrul Hossain (NIEM / Arctic Centre), Mirva Salminen (NIEM / Arctic Centre), Juha Saunavaara (ARC / Hokkaido University)
Presentation type: Mixed session with presentations and panel