Economic and social effects of tourism development in the Arctic regions of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)
|Session Name||2.5 Arctic tourism development: Prospects and challenges?|
|Author(s)||Elena Totonova (North-Eastern Federal University, Russian Federation)|
In northern territories remote from the center of the country and located in difficult natural and climatic conditions, the main problem is the creation of new jobs. The development of small business in the Arctic regions can provide employment for the indigenous population and additional income. Entrepreneurship of indigenous peoples, in fact, is a kind of family entrepreneurship.
One direction to diversify the economy of the Arctic regions is the development of existing and the creation of new industries in the traditional sectors of the service sector. Among the main promising areas of diversification of nature management is the development of tourism. In recent decades, there has been an increase in interest in travel to low-income areas and active recreation, which has long been used by many northern states to develop the economy of their northern territories.
The development of tourism should contain not only a mechanism for state support, but also use the resources of indigenous peoples that contribute to self-development. The main direction of the development of tourism in the Arctic regions is the revival of national self-government in indigenous communities, support for traditional nature management, and the legislative recognition of land use rights (the only resource of the northern territories). In turn, the development of tourism in the region contributes to the development of related activities such as the production and trade in souvenirs, and the establishment of communications. There is an additional incentive for the development of infrastructure: road construction, improving the quality of communication services.