Arctic civilisational tourism
|Session Name||2.6 Tourism, mobilities and globalization in the Arctic|
|Author(s)||Evdokia Vinokurova (North-Eastern Federal University, Russian Federation)|
Arctic tourism differs from other types of tourism. The harsh climate, natural and geographical conditions require sincerity, honesty, humane attitude and environmental friendliness from all participants, both organisers and tourists. The growing interest to the Arctic creates new tendencies. In contrast to cultural tourism, the civilisational tourism requires the intellectual preparedness and special interest to enter the dialogue of civilisations in order to achieve mutual understanding in situations of communication and interaction. A civilisational tourism is a science and knowledge-based specialised type of tourism. We have identified the factors determining the main prospects of the Arctic civilisational tourism:
1. Spatial: the total area considered for the development of Arctic civilisational tourism comprises 1,701 thousand sq. km, or 55.2% of the territory of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia).
2. Socio-cultural: the area is inhabited by 8.2% of the population of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), dispersed throughout the vast territories of the Arctic in a focal-dispersive manner in small settlements with a population of 200 to 500 people, preserving in many respects the northern indigenous cultures.
3. Consumer potential: among the travel enthusiasts there is a category of tourists —“humanists" — the people aged 30 to 65 who go for comprehending a new social and cultural experience, immersing themselves in an authentic environment of traditional way of life.
The Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) has enormous natural recreational resources, a unique cultural and historical potential for the development of a new type of civilisational tourism.
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