The role of ICT in the resilience of Arctic communities
|Session Name||2.11 Transport, infrastructure, communication - local, regional and global scales|
|Author(s)||Tuyara Gavrilyeva (NEFU, Russian Federation), Nadezda Stepanova (State Autonomous Institution "Strategic Research Center of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)", Russian Federation)|
The resilience of the Arctic communities is closely linked to ICT access that allow to overcome transport isolation. The high quality of human capital in the Arctic is due to the fact that northern settlements are a kind of frontier where "new institutions, technologies, social relations are generated, a new development trajectory is being formed" (Zamyatina N., 2016).
Local people retained traditional knowledge and have the skills needed for the current world. All respondents noted that the Russian language is the first (native) or the second, and 31% also studied a foreign language, mostly English. So, Russian Arctic people haven't any problem with global digital media.
About half of the respondents (46.6%) used bank loans, 17% receive housing subsidies, 56% use "northern subsidies of the travels", which means that most of them have good experience in dealing with state and financial institutions. The penetration of ICTs is quite large in the lifestyle. So 89.8% noted that modern communication tools (mobile and satellite communications, the Internet) are very important. WhatsApp is the most popular e-messenger in Yakutia.
New technologies in conjunction with traditional knowledge can induce a person to return to the nature. Expanding access to new technologies can contribute to the de-urbanization of the Arctic. Information exchange can become one of the sources of income of local people, if remote communities can be involved in the system of hydrometeorological and scientific monitoring. Since 2009 the PISUNA project (joint enviromental monitoring) realises in seven North-West settlements in Greenland.
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