Environmental and social changes in the Arctic will affect indigenous peoples communitites. The biggest driver of change is infrastructure development on lands used by reindeer herders in Sweden, Norway, Finland and some parts of Russia. Climate change is another increasing threat to traditional livelihoods with global and regional scenarios projecting changes in temperature, precipitation and snow conditions in important reindeer pastures. Adaptation to changes in reindeer herding will require future Arctic leaders to be knowledgeable and aware of long-term sustainability for reindeer husbandry. We need new methods and delivery of education in reindeer herding communities that are multidisciplinary, multicultural and holistic approaches for sustainable development and which include traditional knowledge and acknowledge gender knowledge . Meaningful collaboration between traditional knowledge and science will be key to creating these successful adaptation strategies. In future, University of the Arctic could play a new role in bridging knowledge systems by increasing cooperation between academia and indigenous institutions, networks and organizations. Therefore there is a need to further develop multidisciplinary indigenous trans boundary institutions to meet the effect of these changes. Knowledge held by reindeer herders is key to their future economic sustainability.