Industrialization of aquaculture: Knowledge transfer between Northern Norway and North-West Russia
|Session Name||4.7 Fisheries and aquaculture in the Arctic: Opportunities for research and education|
|Datetime||Sep 06, 2018 10:00 AM - 10:15 AM (UTC +3)|
|Author(s)||Nadezda Nazarova (Nord University, Norway)|
The history of aquaculture development in Norway has long roots. Formally established in 1970 the industry has gone through many years of try-and-fail until the industry finally became profitable. In contrast, Russian marine aquaculture development was initiated in 2003 when “successful model” could be copied from other countries. However, even with best equipment and technology the large-scale aquaculture industry in Russia still remains a myth. The principal question here is whether (own) experience is really the only way to success or it is possible to “jump over” decades-long painful trials? How to transform the old technology of hands (traditional fish-farming) into a new technology of mind (industrial fish-farming)? When transforming from a primative to an advanced technology, the difference is not in the changed amount of ties only. Instead, the latter “translates, crosses over, enrolls, and mobilizes more elements, more intimately connected, with a more finely woven social fabric than the former does” (Latour, 1994, p.47).
This paper is based on the comparative study of fish-farming in Nordland county in Norway and in North-West Russia. The paper argues that various types of knowledge require different dimensions of organizational absorptive capacity. By analyzing the development of aquaculture in terms of technical, biological and managerial aspects, this paper will study how organizations can prepare for “the increased scale of collectives and the number of non-humans enlisted in their midst” (Latour, 1994, p.47)?
References: Latour, B. (1994) On Technical Mediation – Philosophy, Sociology, Geneaology, Common Knowledge, V.3, No.2, pp.29-64.
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