This session will examine understandings of the meaning and process of reconciliation between nation-states and Indigenous peoples in Canada and the Nordic countries. Specifically asking the questions: How is reconciliation defined? Who defines it? How are recommendations developed? How do we move from recommendation to implementation? Canada's historic 2015 Truth and Reconciliation Commission Report, which included 94 Calls to Action, aimed to redress the legacy of Indian Residential School. The Calls to Action provide direction on the work needed to repair the damaged relationship between non-Indigenous and Indigenous Canadians. As a result, an abundance of research activity has ensued with the goal to decolonize Canada. Similarly, the state of Finland and the Sami parliament agreed to launch a Truth and Reconciliation commission in May of 2017. Negotiations of how to start the process, what the content will include, the mandate and resources required to support the commission have been ongoing. Since 2017 was the centenary year of Finland's independence with 'Together' as the theme, the process of Truth and Reconciliation was also named 'Together'. This conference session will broadly explore the meaning and process of reconciliation across Canada, Finland, Norway and Sweden. With a focus on the role of research in moving reconciliation forward.  Those attending this session will gain insights into: the process and Calls to Action of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission in Canada (2015), the process of Truth and Reconciliation in Finland (2017), and the reconciliation dialogue and activities in Norway and Sweden.