Studies on the shamanic worldview of the Sami -and the phenomenon of "unity in diversity". Oral tradition and myth
|Session Name||4.10 Preserving memory - Arctic worldviews in education: stories, participative projects and knowledge in comparison|
|Author(s)||Marcus Prybyl (University of Lapland, Finland)|
Preface My research proves that the cultural diversity of the Sami is closely related to biological diversity. The central question here is how the natural principle of "unity in diversity" manifests itself in the cultural ideas of the Sami people in terms of content and form, in general and individually as well as qualitatively and quantitatively? ObjectiveMy research examines the unresolved question of whether the historical cultural conceptions of the Sami people contain a uniform and self-contained and superordinate ecological concept that reflects a doctrine of the moral will and action of man and whether there is a connection to contemporary biodiversity research? Methods The defined research goals could only be achieved with the consequent application of ethnohistorical working methods and philosophical methods of knowledge. The complexity of the question required the combination of a deductive and inductive approach, dialectics as a method of discourse, cybernetics as a system-oriented science, myth research and the methods of art anthropology. The Research ResultThe investigations confirm my theory of a uniform, closed and superordinate ecological concept in the historical cultural conceptions of the Sami, which follows the natural principle "unity in diversity". Contemporary biodiversity research, Gaia theory and molecular biology also confirm that the phenomenon of "unity in diversity" is universal and occurs in nature at all organizational levels, which is a contribution to interdisciplinary knowledge gain. There is a complete analogy between myth and science with regard to the form of their empirical intersubjectivity.
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