Rediscovering Arctic memory

Theme 4. Education
Session Name 4.10 Preserving memory - Arctic worldviews in education: stories, participative projects and knowledge in comparison
Presentation Type Oral
Presenter
Author(s) Juha Pentikäinen (-, Finland)
Abstract text

The paper deals with Shamans and Starovery, who have been targets of  Stalin´s Genocide Russían ", but survived. I'll tell with audiovisuals some key moments, starting from Avvakum´s Diary on "samaniit", explaining why I prefer Shamanhood (Russian samanstvo) pro S(h)amanism, considering Ethics of Field work - too often forgotten theme in our Disciplines.


Castrén’s definition of ethnography is to be read in his last lectures in 1851–52 on the “Ethnology of the Altaic Peoples“ (meaning the Finno-Ugrians): “[Ethnography] is a new name for an old thing. It means the scientific study of the religion, society, way of life, habitations of different peoples; in a word, everything that belongs to their inner and outer life. Ethnography could be regarded as a part of cultural history, but not all nations possess a history in the higher sense; instead their history consists of ethnography” (Castrén 1857).


We do not exactly know how many minority languages are today spoken around the Arctic and Subarctic belt.  When a language in the Fourth World dies, it is always a tragedy, because it carries the long oral memory of music and spirituality of that people.  Northern peoples are now in danger more than ever.   


Lecture challenges the widely held western notion of 'education', and acclimatises people to the Northern Mind and helps to discover the long-forgotten narrative of our shared history. It also includes less known narratives of genocide and ethnocide throughout times.

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