The aim of the parallel session Health and Gender Equality is to discuss the health of women and men in the Arctic Region from an indigenous and non-indigenous gender equality perspective. Sustainable human development builds on strong basic education, sustainable work, and well-functioning health and social services.

According to the Arctic Human Development Report (2015), the people in the Circumpolar North do not all enjoy the same health. There are substantial disparities among countries and regions, and within regions among population subgroups, particularly between Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples. The main gap in knowledge includes the health and well-being of both Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples in the Russian Arctic (especially those living in cities); the health and well-being of Sámi in the Nordic countries, and accidents and domestic violence across the Circumpolar North.