Resourceful rights: the egalitarian dimension of human rights in the extractive industry in the Finnish context

Theme 5. Other
Session Name 5.1 Current research on extractive industries and the sustainability in the Arctic
Presentation Type Oral
Author(s) Giuseppe Amatulli (Arctic Centre - University of Lapland, Finland)
Abstract text

The development that the extractive industry has had in the last decades is affecting the Arctic region and its inhabitants. Precisely, there may be cases in which Arctic communities are divided within themselves due to natural resources exploitation. In such situations, it is clear that greater interests may challenge the full enjoyment of human rights by each member of the society.

By using an egalitarian perspective, this chapter aims at exploring whether or not human rights are perceived as a resource in the Finnish context. Precisely, the egalitarian dimension of human rights is helpful in order to explain that human rights are legal and moral rights, in addition of being domestic and international legal rights. Therefore, such principle can serve to explain the tie that can be identified between the equality principle in international law, non-discrimination rights and human rights. In order to understand such relationship, the concept of equality in the human rights context will be study.

Equality can be perceived as a moral status, according to which ‘all people are of equal worth; thus there are some claims people are entitled to make on one another simply by virtue of their status as persons’. Therefore, starting from the assumption that all persons should be considered as having the same moral worth and that the equal moral status is the base for mutual moral claims; it is possible to propose robust egalitarian ideals, especially distributive ideals in terms of equality of resources for example.

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