Social inclusion and participation of the Sámi with disabilities in Finland
|Session Name||5.2 Participatory methods for health|
|Author(s)||Liisa Hokkanen (University of lapland, Finland)|
Results of the study concerning the situation of the Sámi with disabilities in Finland will be present. The aim of the Study was to enhance knowledge about experiences of the Sámi with disabilities particularly in relation to social and health affairs, service delivery and social inclusion. The special focus is on the welfare service experiences and opportunities to be heard as a citizen, Sámi, and person with disability in use of services. Particularly is examined whether Sámi persons with disabilities encounter linguistic and cultural barriers in in their daily lives. The study map the involved problematics, occurring coping strategies, individual and community resilience, and existing social support thereby enhancing extended understanding of the situation of the Sámi with disabilities in Finland opening up the important target areas for development and the diversity of Sámi persons. Results are based on nine narrative orientated theme interviews of the Sámi with different types of disabilities. In collecting data, analyzing, interpreting and reporting the results, research ethical principles of social scientific research are adapted. The research involves vulnerable groups and sensitive subjects and therefore special consideration and protection measures are applied. According the results welfare services rarely have any knowledge about the rights of indigenous people, Sami with disabilities encounter many kind of obstacles when looking after services and social support, and equal opportunities in everyday life.
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