Social and biological risks of narrowed reproduction of population in the Arkhangelsk region
|Session Name||5.3 Health promotion and population health|
|Author(s)||Georgii Sukhanov (NARFU, Russian Federation), Sergey Sukhanov (Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov, Russian Federation)|
The experience of studying the socio-economic situation and model the impact of risk factors revealed negative trends in the economic development of the Arkhangelsk region and the increase in the composite indicators of individual risk factors in the pre-crisis state. For the region the question of the controllability of demographic processes is identical with the question about its preservation. Low fertility, high infant mortality rates indicate that one of the priorities in health policy of the region should be to protect the health of children and women of reproductive age. The infant mortality rate in comparison with EU countries remains high at 70.0% of deaths of infants accounts for the perinatal period and congenital anomalies. According to the scheme of calculations of risk of reproductive losses, approved in the Russian Federation, us during the period of study for the period 1989-2010 were analyzed the following groups of risk of development of perinatal pathology: - lifestyle, socio-economic situation, environmental conditions, biological factors and policy decisions in the health.
Thus, in the acquisition of relative social stability, the monitoring of the situation we can be expected the advent of the "demographic Renaissance" with the reduction of reproductive losses, which is recognized as relevant to the expansion of population reproduction.
Key words: narrowed reproduction of population, infant mortality rates, groups of risk of development of perinatal pathology