The problem of tobacco smoking in residents of the Arctic zone of Western Siberia, Russian Federation
|Session Name||5.3 Health promotion and population health|
|Author(s)||Irina Protasova (Arctic Research Center of the Yamal-Nenets autonomous district, Russian Federation), Andrei Popov (Arctic Research Center of the Yamal-Nenets autonomous district, Russian Federation), Andrei Lobanov (Arctic Research Center of the Yamal-Nenets autonomous district, Russian Federation), Sergei Andronov (Arctic Research Center of the Yamal-Nenets autonomous district, Russian Federation), Elena Bogdanova (Northern Arctic Federal University, Russian Federation)|
Introduction: High prevalence of tobacco smoking in the Arctic zone of Western Siberia corresponds to the trends in whole Russia.
Methods: 178 residents of the Tazovsky and Nadymsky districts were interviewed during expeditions: 44 men (24.7%) and 134 women (75.3%), average age is 46.01±13.37 years.
Results: In the surveyed population of the Tazovsky and Nadym districts, the prevalence of smoking was 25.6%, among men – 54.6%, women – 20.9%. We revealed that the number of those who quit smoking in the Tazovsky district was 12.4%, in the Nadymsky district – 8.2%. The highest prevalence of smokers was in the group of 20-29 years (58.4%). There is a tendency to reduce the prevalence of smoking by age-related decades. The highest peak of smoking cessation in the surveyed population was observed at the age of 40-49 years (14.0%). The intensity of smoking during life was estimated by the integral smoking index and expressed quantitatively by the “pack/years” which was assessed in the smoking respondents at the level of 6.0 [1.6-11.5], in the Tazovsky district 5.5 [1.6-9.8], and in the Nadymsky district 6.0 [3.0-13.0] (U-252.0, p=0.5).
Conclusions: Among rural residents of the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug, smoking is persistently widespread. Smoking cessation should be accompanied by additional measures, which increase the role of health workers in anti-smoking popularization and encouraging patients to abandon this harmful habit. The requirements for their skills in providing medical support to those decided to quit smoking, are to be developed.
Support from the RFBR (grant № 18-010-00875\18).