Impact of oil and gas industrial infrastructure on chronic bronchitis prevalence among indigenous peoples of the Arctic, Western Siberia, Russia
|Session Name||5.3 Health promotion and population health|
|Author(s)||Andrei Popov (Arctic Research Center of the Yamal-Nenets autonomous district, Russian Federation), Andrei Lobanov (Arctic Research Center of the Yamal-Nenets autonomous district, Russian Federation), Sergei Andronov (Arctic Research Center of the Yamal-Nenets autonomous district, Russian Federation), Irina Protasova (Arctic Research Center of the Yamal-Nenets autonomous district, Russian Federation), Elena Bogdanova (Northern (Arctic) Federal University, Russian Federation)|
Introduction: Arctic zone in Western Siberia is the main oil and gas supplier in Russia. Hydrocarbon production is carried out in the territory of traditional living for indigenous peoples. Therefore, the anthropogenic and technogenic impact of the oil and gas infrastructure on their health is one of the most important.
The study aims to investigate the impact of the proximity of oil and gas facilities to the settlements of indigenous peoples, living in the tundra, on the prevalence of chronic nonobstructive bronchitis.
Methods: The inhabitants of the tundra in Tazovsky district (which does not yet have a long history of oil and gas deposits development) were included into the study. 242 representatives of indigenous peoples were examined. The diagnosis of chronic nonobstructive bronchitis was established according to the definition of WHO.
Results: Our study showed the prevalence of this disease: in Yseiakhinskaya tundra -40.0%, in Tanamskaya–40.0%, in Tazovskaya–11.1%, in Yuribeyskaya–33.3%, in Gydanskaya–31.1%, in Mesoyakhinskaya–40.9%, in Nakhodka–50.0%.
Conclusions: The Yamal Peninsula has the most severe climatic, geographic conditions. Therefore, an open hearth is mostly used for heating a house. It results in high rates of chronic bronchitis.
At the same time, the prevalence of the disease is not affected by oil and gas enterprises, since this production infrastructure is located in the south of the Tazovsky peninsula, but not in the north and central part, where the most unfavorable conditions result in prevalence of chronic nonobstructive bronchitis.
Support from the RFBR (grant № 18-010-00875\18).