Socio-psichological factors of alcohol abuse among indigenous peaples in the Yamalo-Nenets autonomous okrug, Russian Federation
|Session Name||5.3 Health Promotion / Population Health 2. & 3.|
|Author(s)||Tatiana Popova (Arctic Research Center of the Yamal-Nenets autonomous district, Russian Federation), Vladimir Kulganov (Saint-Petersburg state University, Russian Federation), Elena Bogdanova (Northern (Arctic) Federal University, Russian Federation), Andrei Lobanov (Arctic Research Center of the Yamal-Nenets autonomous district, Russian Federation), Ruslan Kochkin (Arctic Research Center of the Yamal-Nenets autonomous district, Russian Federation)|
Introduction: The problem of alcoholism is especially significant in the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug, which is defined as the area where the incidence of chronic alcoholism among adolescents and adult population exceeds 1.5 times the national average level. Our study aimed to analyze socio-psychological factors of alcohol abuse in indigenous peoples living in the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug.Methods: 221 representatives of indigenous population living in Yamal (mean age – 45 years old) were interviewed. Screening test CAGE-AID for the diagnostics of alcohol dependence was conducted. Psycho-emotional state was evaluated with the test developed by O.S. Kophinou (1996).Results: Our study revealed 16.3% of persons who abuse alcohol (mean age – 43 years old). Gender analysis showed that men drink alcohol 1.5 times more frequent compared to women (p=0.01). The respondents explained their motivation to alcohol with getting rid of boredom, desire to relax, family stress, defuse tension, anxiety caused by instability and unemployment. They showed a low level of satisfaction with life, its conditions and basic living needs (p=0.01).Conclusions: People who abuse alcohol need qualified psychological aid. Systematic work on the formation of competence approach to healthy lifestyle, prevention of diseases and alcoholism through electronic and printed media should be carried out in the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug to maintain indigenous population.Support from the RFBR (grant № 18-010-00875\18).