Demographic trends and health of the population in Arctic regions of Yakutia (Russia)
|Session Name||5.3 Health Promotion / Population Health 2. & 3.|
|Author(s)||Tatiana Klimova (North-Eastern federal university, Russian Federation), Ariana Kuzmina (North-Eastern federal university, Russian Federation)|
The Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) is the largest region of the Russian Federation. It is located in the northeast of Eurasia (3.1 million square kilometers). More than 40% of the territory of Yakutia is beyond the Arctic Circle. The climate is very extreme and severe. The population is 958,528 (2010 Census) people. Native ethnic groups are yakuts (49.9%), evens (1.6%), evenks (2.2%). Five districts of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) are included in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation. Mortality rate per 100,000 individuals, the infant mortality rate per 1000 live births in this zone are significantly higher than the average for Yakutia. The share of mortality from external causes reaches up to 32% of all causes of death. The main causes of external death are injuries, suicides, murders. The incidence rate in this zone is also significantly higher than the average in the republic. In this regard, we carried out a detailed analysis of the trends in medical and demographic, socio-economic indicators, living standards of the population. Final goal is to consider sustainability of human population of these regions.