Historical and emotional memory of forest settlements’ creation in the Arctic zone of the Russia (as remembered by senior citizens)

Theme 5. Other
Session Name 5.7 Ageing Arctic: Realizing the potential of older people
Datetime Sep 07, 2018 01:45 PM - 02:00 PM (UTC +3)
Presentation Type Oral
Presenter
Author(s) Tatiana Zhigaltsova (Federal Research Centre for Integrated Study of the Arctic named after academician N. P. Laverov, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Federation)
Abstract text

Temporary forest settlements, which were set up in the 1950-60s on the territory of the Russian North for extraction and transportation of timber, represent a unique source of information on the creation of new settlements. The ambient environment influenced the settlement boundaries, planning and composition solutions and community center, configuration of buildings etc. But did the selected location satisfy then and does it satisfy now the citizens’ need for comfortable, beautiful, safe, unique and friendly environment? Satisfaction of these needs creates positive image of the settlement in its residents, strengthens emotional rootedness, safety and control over the environment. At present, the majority of such settlements are rapidly losing their population due to migration. Only “first generation” citizens, who built the houses, the community and maintenance buildings with their own hands, stay to live there. In my presentation, I am going to show the results of an interview and questionnaire-based study conducted in 2017-2018 among the senior citizens (over 55 years old) living in a temporary forest settlement Komsomolskij in the Euro-Arctic zone of Russia. The hypothesis for this study runs that the planning of non-traditional (temporary) settlements does not satisfy the demands of its citizens. Additionally, the presentation will include a number of emotional maps, showing emotopia, based on the memories of the citizens (historical memory) and present perceptions of the community members (emotional memory). In conclusion, some recommendations for the preservation of emotional place attachment among senior citizens, living in the Arctic zone, will be given.

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