The quality of life of elderly rural residents in Yamal
|Session Name||5.7 Ageing Arctic: Realizing the potential of older people|
|Author(s)||Tatiana Popova (* Arctic Research Center of the Yamal-Nenets autonomous district, Salekhard, Russian Federation), Vladimir Kulganov (**Saint-Petersburg state University, Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation), Andrei Lobanov (* Arctic Research Center of the Yamal-Nenets autonomous district, Salekhard, Russian Federation), Ruslan Kochkin (* Arctic Research Center of the Yamal-Nenets autonomous district, Salekhard, Russian Federation)|
Introduction: the Elderly is a life period when its features become leading in people's lives, significantly determining their well-being, activity and psycho-emotional state. People at this age are particularly vulnerable as they weaken their vitality, health and mental functions.Methods: we Surveyed 70 of rural residents aged 60-74 years. Of these, 45.7% of the indigenous population; migrant 54,2%, and the experience is 39 years. Objective: to assess the quality of life of elderly people living in Yamal. A survey was conducted on the main social factors: satisfaction with life and its conditions, self-assessment of health (O. S. kopina, 1996).Results: Studies have shown that 1/3 of the respondents from among the indigenous population who continue working, negatively evaluated their health. It was noted the voltage on a scale of professional stress and exhaustion of vital forces. Subjective well-being was more often noted by working people than by non-workers, who had low levels of stress and dissatisfaction with life (P=0.01). 1/3 of non-working migrants negatively assessed their health. At the same time, the indicators of satisfaction with the lives of non-working migrants were higher than those of working migrants (P=0.05). About the same frequency in the presented groups revealed dissatisfaction with carrying out the leisure-time and medical care.Conclusions: it is Necessary to carry out diverse activities with groups working and not working, taking into account individual and mental characteristics. They should be aimed at increasing the level of life satisfaction, confidence in themselves and their future.