Quality of life of older people living in foster families: case study from the Russian Arctic

Theme 5. Other
Session Name 5.7 Ageing Arctic: Realizing the potential of older people
Location Room 9
Presentation Type Poster
Presenter Anastasia Emelyanova
Author(s) Elena Golubeva (Northern (Arctic) Federal University, Russian Federation), Anastasia Emelyanova (University of Oulu, Finland)
Abstract text

The aim of the study is in assessing the quality of life of older people living in a foster family (N=82)  in the European North of Russia (Arkhangelsk region). The method of study is questionnaire. The analysis of nominal and ordinal scales was carried out using the Pearson χ2 criterion, * p was calculated using Fisher's exact test. Results: Spending free time in foster family does not differ from older people receiving other types of services. In general, elderly people are satisfied living in foster families. However, it is found that their health status hinders the diversity of family organizational forms. Living in foster family increases the sense of security of the elderly in comparison with other types of residence and forms of services, which is facilitated by a legally binding agreement between the state and family (Local Law № 382-26-ОZ). In addition, close contact with the family creator provides empathy, helps to faster respond to the changing needs of older person for different types of services and diversify the variety of forms of services, which directly affects the needs of the elderly, and as a consequence, their quality of life. From 90 to 95% of elderly people do not want to change their place of residence, but wants staying in the usual micro-environment with leaving to the foster family, which contributes to "aging in place" (UNECE Policy brief #18) and prevents social exclusion under new life circumstances.