Employees in the High North of Russia – Who are they? Logit models based analysis
|Session Name||5.9 Work in the Arctic|
|Datetime||Sep 06, 2018 01:30 PM - 01:45 PM (UTC +3)|
|Author(s)||Marina Giltman (University of Tyumen, Russian Federation)|
In the North of Russia employment and migration are closely related. The reduction in population and employment in the northern regions of the Russian Federation for more than two decades together with the high economic potential of the Russian North seems to be paradoxical. Perhaps this situation is related to the mismatch in demand and supply of labour in the northern regions of Russia. The model of the local labour market equilibrium and the theory of compensative differentials predict higher wages in the amenity-poor regions. The hypothesis was that employees in the High North regions of Russia are less qualified than in the regions with the better living conditions. The probability of being employed in the High North regions of Russia and other regions of the country was estimated by the binary logit models at the base of microdata provided by the Federal State Statistics Service.
The results showed that population in the High North regions of Russia has a higher labor force participation rate compared with the rest of the country, what is especially true for women. The most relevant explanation is that women, employed in the North of Russia, are more educated than men. In the rest of Russia educational structure for men and women is more homogeneous. At the same time both for men and women professional, secondary and tertiary education largely increases, and primary education largely reduces, the probability of being employed in the High North regions of Russia compared with the rest of the country.
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