Adaptation mechanisms of workers of extractive industries in the shift work organization in the Far North and the Arctic
|Session Name||5.9 Work in the Arctic|
|Author(s)||Anna Yurjeva (High school of psychology, pedagogy and physical culture, Russian Federation), Yana Korneeva (High school of psychology, pedagogy and physical culture, Russian Federation)|
The study was sponsored by the Russian President's grant for state support of young Russian scientists - PhD (МК-6409.2018.6).
Introduction: Extractive industries are located in remote areas of the Far North and the Arctic, which is why the shift work method is used there. Workers of extractive industries are exposed to extreme climatogeographic factors and also they live in group isolation conditions. So the physiological, psychological and socio-psychological adaptation is actual.
Although there is a large number of works in psychology devoted to these issues of human adaptation to harsh conditions and shift work, the systematization and classification of the mechanisms of psychological, socio-psychological adaptation of workers in extractive industries is insufficient.
Objective is to study features of mechanisms of psychological and socio-psychological adaptation of workers of oil and gas production facilities in the Far North and the Arctic.
Methods and techniques of diagnostics mechanisms of psychological adaptation are monitoring of work processes; questionnaires; psycho-physiological and psychological testing.
Results: We identified differences in regulatory processes, psychological protections and mechanisms of socio-psychological adaptation among workers in the extractive industry of various professional groups. We identified risk groups among workers in the extractive industry.
Conclusion: Identified features should be taken into account at the stage of professional selection of personnel to develop recommendations and activities for the adaptation of workers.
For specialists at risk groups, it is necessary to develop psychological support programs that are aimed at developing effective ways of self-regulation, on the development of adaptation mechanisms.