Science diplomacy: experience of international projects implementation in Sakha (Yakutia)
|Session Name||5.14 Science diplomacy dialogue: Building common interests in the Arctic|
|Author(s)||Tuyara Gavrilyeva (Institute of Engineering & Technology, North-Eastern Federal University, Russian Federation), Viktoria Filippova (The Institute for Humanities Research and Indigenous Studies of the North, Russian Academy of Sciences Siberian Branch, Russian Federation), Antonina Savvinova (Institute of Natural Sciences, North-Eastern Federal University, Russian Federation)|
Yakutia as an Arctic region entered the New Arctic process with high expectations. In September 1993, Yakutia joined the Northern Forum. Science diplomacy can be considered as part of public diplomacy, that, according to Nicholas Cull has 5 elements: Listening; Advocacy; Cultural diplomacy; Exchange diplomacy; International broadcasting (Jowett & O’Donnell, 2012).
Key practices illustrating three dimensions of science diplomacy include: developing recommendations within the framework of international policy objectives (science in diplomacy); simplification of the process of international scientific cooperation (diplomacy for science); the use of scientific alliances in order to improve international relations (science for diplomacy) (Romanova, 2017).
The most important actors of science diplomacy are HEIs and institutes of the RAS since the task of developing scientific contacts and educational exchanges is not the competence of the regions in Russia. Now, HEIs are much more active involved in international exchanges thanks to their participation in global networks, for example, UArctic.
Russia has a number of good achievements. For example, within the Belmont Forum a number of projects were implemented, in particular, the COPERA project (NEFU, Hokkaido University, UAF). For Russian team it was supported only for 3 years, and for the remaining teams - for 5 years. Also, there are differences in the requirements for results and reporting. Hence, international standards should be introduced into the organization of scientific foundations in Russia.
Another problem is political decisions. For example, bilateral sanctions by Russia and the US, primarily affected science research. They closed the possibility of continuing important and interesting projects.
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